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Prospecti & Bios
Brian Greene - Morning Keynote: The Nature of Time
During this century, the scientific study of time has resulted in numerous upheavals in our understanding of this elusive concept. In this talk, some of the essential insights on time from relativity and quantum mechanics will be presented at a nontechnical level, and some tentative suggestions from string theory will be discussed.
Brian Greene - is a professor of physics and mathematics at Columbia University. His recent book The Elegant Universe (now in its 10th printing) discusses the search for Einstein's dream of a unified theory, and has been on bestseller lists across the country. Since its publication, professor Greene has had numerous media appearances including The Charlie Rose Show, The News Hour with Jim Lehrer, The Century with Peter Jennings, CNN and Time with Jeff Greenfield, The Conan O'Brien Show, and ABC's Brave New World with Ted Koppel and Robert Krulwich. He will appear this coming April at the Guggenheim Museum with The Emerson String Quartet in a presentation combining string physics and string music.
Moderator Of Morning Panel:
Robert Krulwich - received a bachelor's degree in United States history from Oberlin College in 1969, and a Juris Doctorate from Columbia University School of Law in 1974. He joined ABC News as a correspondent in April, 1994 where he reports for Nightline, World News Tonight, and other ABCNEWS broadcasts. Since joining ABCNEWS, Krulwich has reported on AIDS, developments in genetics, parenthood and economics and recently co-hosted an 8-part series with Ted Koppel called "Brave New World" about art and technology. Prior to joining ABCNEWS, Krulwich was a correspondent for CBSNews. He is also a regular contributor to PBS where from 1991-92 he anchored the BBC-PBS cultural affairs series, "The Edge" and won several awards for this work. Before joining CBS News in 1985, Krulwich was a business and economics correspondent at National Public Radio, and still contributes to NPR's "Weekend Edition" and has received the PBS's Special Award for Programming Excellence.
Kelly Moore - Time and Work Discipline in the New Economy
Time and Space have become compressed not simply because of new technologies, but because of the ways in which capitalism has made use of them to expand markets. Like the creation of time zones as a way of coordinating train schedules in the 19th century, the growth of "free" markets around the globe since 1989 has resulted in the compression of time and space as profit-seekers have made markets not only global, but round the clock. Workers and consumers now have not only the option to be involved in the market at any time, but are increasingly compelled to do so.
Kelly Moore - received her Ph.D. from the University of Arizona in 1993. Her main areas of interest are social movements/political sociology, sociology of science, and organizations. She recently published an article, "Formation of Public Interest Science Organizations in America, 1955-1975" in the American Journal of Sociology. She has also published articles on social movement outcomes, and is completing articles on the social movement origins of changes in professions, changes in women scientists' career trajectories between 1955 and 1990, and on the determinants of the power of science in democratic states. She teaches courses on Sociology of Science, Sociology of Organizations, Social Movements, Sociology of Time and Place, Introduction to Sociology, Quantitative Methods, and a Senior Thesis Seminar at Columbia University, NYC.
Gregory Benford - Deep Time
Before history began, humans tried to leave monuments and messages for the future. Most failed, were lost or destroyed. Now leaving time capsules and messages is a major preoccupation of many, especially as the millennium turns. I shall survey what strategies work best and show examples of markers designed for hazardous waste sites, spacefract and long term libraries.
Gregory Benford - Physicist, educator, and writer who received a B.S. from University of Oklahoma and Ph.D. from the University of California, San Diego. Currently, Benford is a professor physics at the University of California, Irvine, where he has been a faculty member since 1971. Benford conducts research in plasma turbulence theory and experiment, and in astro-physics. He is a Woodrow Wilson Fellow and a Visiting Fellow at Cambridge University, and has served as an advisor to the Department of Energy, NASA and the White House Council on Space Policy. Benford is the author of over a dozen novels, including Jupiter Project, Against Infinity, Great Sky River, and Timescape. A two-time winner of the Nebula Award, Benford has also won the John W. Campbell Award, the Australian Ditmar Award, and the United Nations Medal in Literature.
Mary Ziegler - Time and Machines
A well executed sculpture is comprised of many moments. As you move around it there are 3 dimensions and 360 degrees of moments to view. A different snapshot at every angle. In my everexpanding study of the human state, however, with its' delicate balance and fleeting control, the number of moments needed for an adequate description kept rising. In one frozen object, there just weren't enough of them. Being devoid of time my work was devoid of motion. Without motion there was no option of change, no element of chance, no chaos, and no risk. For me it was also no contest: it was obvious that I was undertooled. I needed motion and I needed time. Using time as prybar, I could slip under the veneer of a moment, pop it open and reveal the pandora's box of interconnections which are both its' cause and demise. With time I could represent this more complex reality where every moment has a limit and no moment is independant: gestures change, powers shift, and balance is achieved, but only for an instant.
Mary Ziegler - For over a decade, Ziegler's sculpture and drawings have used the motion of mechanics and physical forces to invoke the subtleties, humor, and complication of human behavior. Her work utilizes chance and chaos to investigate the tenuousness of balance and control in our lives. Working with everything from motors, paint mixers, blowers, and velcro, to magnetism, friction and gravity, Ziegler's work falls somewhere between the machine and the stage. Based in Brooklyn, Ziegler has exhibited widely at museums and galleries in New York , Los Angeles, Chicago, Boston, Philadelphia, Cincinnati, Seattle, and internationally in England, France, and Germany. Notable publications which which have written about her work include Newsweek Magazine, The NY Times, The LA Times, Village Voice, New York Press, Leonardo, Sculpture Magazine, Review, Art Papers, and Time Out. Public commisions include Harvard University's Carpenter Center for the Visual Arts. Awards include both the Pollock Krasner and the New York Foundation for the Arts fellowships. Ziegler's latest solo exhibition in NYC was Drifters at Florence Lynch Gallery in may 1999. Upcoming international exhibitions include Exit, at the Maison des Arts in Creteil and Mauberge, France, in March of 2000.
Agnes Denes - Afternoon Keynote: Living Time-Capsules
Denes will speak about the concept of time as an integral theme in her 30-year career. In describing her 1979 work, "Time Capsule", Denes says, "The future will evaluate us by the questions we asked and the answers we gave, not by the objects we made." She has recently completed global environmental projects that embody the essence of future-time including "Tree Mountain" in Finland.
Agnes Denes - Described by many as a unique visionary, Denes' work takes many forms: drawings that visualize various scientific concepts including time and space, environmental art designed to survive millennia, conceptual art in the form of time-capsules, as well as sculpture that reflects back on the evolutionary and technological developments of man through the ages. Denes has had over 250 solo and group exhibitions on four continents, her awards include four National Endowment Fellowships, an honorary Ph.D., the prestigious Eugene McDermott Achievement Award from M.I.T., and the Prix de Rome Fellowship in 1998, among others. She has published four books, including "The Book of Dust - The Beginning and the End of Time and Thereafter."
Moderator Afternoon Panel:
Nelson W. Aldrich, Jr. is the Editorial Director of CIVILIZATION magazine. He has long experience as an editor, writer, and teacher. A graduate of Harvard College, he has taught at a Harlem elementary school as well as at M.I.T. He has served as an editor at Harper's and The Paris Review, and his articles have appeared in The Atlantic Monthly, Worth, The Nation, Harper's, Inc. and The Wilson Quarterly, among other magazines. Aldrich isthe author, most recently of Old Money: The Mythology of America's Upper Class. First published by Knopf in 1988, it has recently been republished in an expanded edition by Allworth Press. Aldrich is married with three children; he resides in Manhattan.
Kim Levin - Time Migration Exhibition
Kim Levin will speak about the TIME MIGRATION exhibition at the Taipei Gallery (December 3 - January 21, 2000) and put it in context with other recent post-modern art.
Kim Levin - is a regular contributor to the Village Voice newspaper; author of "Beyond Modernism: Essays on Art from the '70's and 80's;" and editor of Beyond Walls and Wars: Art, Politics, and Multiculturalism, the publication of the AICA 1991 Congress. Her essays on art have appeared in anthologies, magazines, and journals inthe United States and other countries. She has been contributing editor of Arts Magazine, and New York correcpondent for Flash Art and Opus International. Educated at Vassar College, Columbia University, and New York University, she has taught at the Philadelphia College of Art, Parsons School of Design, The School of Visual Arts, and Claremont Graduate School. Additionally, she has curated exhibitions at major art museums in Korea, Japan, Poland and Berlin and in 1997 was curator of the Nordic biennial, Borealis 8 in Copenhagen. She is currently Executive Vice President of the AICA-USA, and the President of the international AICA (International Association of Art Critics).
James Tu - Time from the perspectives of I-Ching (The Book of Changes)
Long regarded as "the King of Chinese Classics", I-Ching, with its heavenly insight and wisdom, played a pivotal role in shaping the Eastern culture and carried innumerable conscious minds through peace and wars, prosperity and adversity over the past four millenniums. Its profound and systematic interpretations on the universe, notably the relationships among Heaven, Earth and Man, hold timeless truths represented by the combination and interaction among its Eight Trigrams--derivations of Ying and Yang. In the philosophy of I-Ching, time is the morphed fourth dimension of space. The past, now and the future together forms an hourglass-shaped, extended corridor with unlimited possibilities in both ends. Following a brief background introduction on I-Ching, this presentation will expound on its reasoning on "time", how it gets ahead of "time" by predicting the future, and what this understanding on the nature of "time" means for our life.
James Tu - is Director of the Tao's Culture Center New York, a non-profit organization dedicated to the pursuit of universal truth, and education and promotion of vegetarianism. TCCNY currently offers classes and seminars covering various spiritual and philosophical topics, such as Book-of-Change, Tao-Te Ching, world religion comparisons, Buddism Sutras and vegetarian cooking. TCCNY also publishes series of relative books, tapes, and two monthly publications--Tao's Culture Monthly and Unicorn Magazine. 5/95~present: Research Analyst--Dolphin Asset Management Corp. Education: BS--National Ching-Hua University in Taiwan. MBA--Baruch College. Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA). Publication: Publisher: Tao's Culture Monthly. Translator: Heart Sutra Interpretation by Henry Chang. www.taotaotao.org
Zhang Zhang - Now and Forever - the Pertinence of an Abstraction
This is an age when more 'artists' practice than ever before, encompassing an unlimited scope of media. Many are seeking to make the next step, develop a trend - so much creativity, so much opportunism. Because of the extent of possibility, the flood of information, the scope of communication, do we have time?
Time appears in three forms in artwork; those who use time as a part of their work - change/deterioration of the material/image/form. Those who are embroiled in the 'now' and those whose scope perceives a philosophical consideration of Time. Many an artist will settle for catching 'the moment' - money is largely behind the entertainment aspect. Some literally aim to sparkle only to outrage/ entertain; some do advance the artistic scope (Michael Rees). Enduring art and the priceless art of our age will still be the work that examines the human condition/identity, its relationship to its environment/nature.
Zhang Zhang - founded Central Fine Arts in 1990, as a gallery specializing in international contemporary art. In 1993 and 1994, Zhang Zhang was a guest lecturer at the National Academy of Fine Arts in China, where she delivered lectures on the Contemporary Art of both the West and East. In Taiwan, she has given lectures on the direction of contemporary art and its market in1994, 1995 and 1996 at the invitation of the Lee Zhonshang Art Foundation and Taipei Museum. In 1999, Zhang Zhang curated the Taiwanese File exhibition, a full retrospective of the art scene of the country, for the City of Zaragoza, Spain. Presently, she is organizing the ground-breaking exhibition of international art which will occur in the Forbidden City, Beijing in the year 2000. http://www.centralfinearts.com
Yann Y. Gamard - The New Universal Concept of Swatch Internet Time
In the future, for many people, real time will be Internet Time."
--Nicholas Negroponte, founder, The Media Lab
Swatch has invented a new universal concept of time that eliminates time zones and geographical differences: Swatch Internet Time. Swatch divides the 24 hours of the day into 1000 units. A unit is called a Beat. Each day has 000 to 999 Beats. Each Beat lasts 1 minute and 26.4 seconds. Internet Time is displayed by @ and three digits and starts at midnight (wintertime) in Biel, Switzerland, the home of Swatch, with @000. Everybody all of the world then talks about time in Beats, no matter what actual time it may be in their time zone. As Nicolas Hayek, founder of Swatch and Chairman and CEO of the Swatch Group, has said: "The Internet has made human beings more globally conscious of being on a small planet where we are all really equal. Internet time is the perfect measuring stick for this era."
Yann Y. Gamard - directs the U.S. operations of the Swatch Group, the world's largest manufacturer and distributor of watches with 14 brands including Swatch, Omega, Hamilton, Rado, Longines, Tissot, Calvin Klein and Flik Flak. In addition, Gamard is Hamilton President, Worldwide. Swatch Group watch brands, telecommunications products and automobile joint ventures are all globally recognized for their commitment to beautiful design, technological innovation and the highest quality standards - a commitment that is the clear focus of Gamard's U.S. Swatch Group strategy. Working with Nicolas Hayek, the founder of Swatch and Chairman and CEO of the Swatch Group, Gamard has played a leadership role in the growth of many areas of business at the Swatch Group. Currently, Gamard oversees the Group's U.S. expansion, which has resulted in increased sales for each watch brand. In particular, Gamard is responsible for the development of a major network of new Swatch-owned U.S. retail locations on both the West and East Coasts. Each store presents the Swatch philosophy of Nicolas Hayek with an interactive, Swatch lifestyle experience for shoppers. Gamard has been instrumental in the launch of new Swatch telecom products as well, including Swatch Talk, a watch that is also a telephone. Gamard has an M.B.A., as well as degrees in political science, law and statistics. A native of France, Gamard and his wife live in New York with their four children.
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